BAE Juan carlos I Characteristics



Datos de mapas
Imágenes ©2018 DigitalGlobe

Datos de mapasImágenes ©2018 DigitalGlobe
Imágenes ©2018 DigitalGlobe


Type: Station
Operational period: November–March


Seasonal coastal Antarctic station located 200 m from shore in a small bay in Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. The station is close to Johnson Glacier and Sofia Mountain.

Biodiversity and natural environment

Coastal area surrounded by glaciers. Around the station there are many different lichen species and some fauna including Gentoo and Chinstrap penguins, Elephant seals, and birds such as Skuas and Petrels. Permafrost is easy to find in the area. The criptogamic prairies are remarkable. Vascular plants are present in the station vicinity.

History and facilities

The station was set up to support the interest shown by the Spanish scientific community in Antarctica, it was the first Spanish station in Antarctica. In December 1986, a group of four scientists set up a camp in Livingston Island in order to look for the right place to build the Juan Carlos I station, taking into account that, at that time, there were no stations in Livingston Island. In 1988 the first modules of the station were disembarked, in that moment, the Juan Carlos I station was installed. Since then, the station has been operative during 28 years. The station was recently refurbished and was completed in the 2016/2017 campaign. The station consists of a set of buildings with two main modules, living/services, including infirmary, kitchen rooms and living room, with capacity for fifty people, and a laboratory module able to cover different scientific disciplines. There are another six modules dedicated to station services:workshop, waste treatment, energy generation, storage, fuel. One important aspect of the station is the importance given to energy efficiency in order to avoid energy waste and focus on decreasing consumption.


Climate zone Maritime Antarctica
Permafrost Sporadic
Mean annual wind speed (km/h) 14
Max wind speed (km/h) 180
Dominant wind direction
Sea Ice Break Up
Snow free period February
Total annual precipitation (mm)
Precipitation type Snow and Rain
Mean annual temperature (°C) -1.2
Mean temperature in February (°C) 2.2
Mean temperature in July (°C) -5.1


Region Antarctic Peninsula
Antarctic Environmental Domain: G – Antarctic Peninsula offshore island geologic
Antarctic Conservation Biogeographic Region: 3 North-west Antarctic Peninsula
Altitude of facility (m) 12
Type of surface facility built on Ice-free ground
Long term monitoring Yes
Waste management Yes
Hazard(ous) management Yes
Fuel spill response capability Yes

General research and databases

Glaciology, lichen physiology, permafrost, geomagnetism, ionosphere, and meteorology databases are available. Research on limnology, microbiology, coastal science, soils, geology, geomorphology, geodesy are also conducted.

Features in the facility area

Bird colonies, Clear air zone, Coast, Hill, Ice cap or glacier, Lake, Melt streams, Moraine, Mountain, Other Biological, Permanent snowpatches, Rock, Shoreline, Snow.

Main science disciplines

Atmospheric chemistry and physics, Climate change, Climatology, Ecology, Environmental sciences, Geocryology, Geodesy, Geology, Geomorphology, Geophysics, GIS, Glaciology, Human impact, Hydrology, Limnology, Marine biology, Microbiology, Oceanography, Pollution, Soil science, Terrestrial biology.


Area under roof (m2) 1735
Area scientific laboratories (m2) 220
Type of scientific laboratories: Biology, Chemistry, Electronic, Geology,
Conference room (capacity) 25
Logistic area (m2) 1215
Number of beds 50
Showers Yes
Laundry facilities Yes
Power supply type Fossil fuel,
Power supply (V) 220
Power supply (hours per day) 24
Number of staff on station (peak/summer season) 16
Number of scientists on station (peak/summer season) 11
Max number of personnel at a time (staff, scientists and others): 50
Specific device/Scientific equipment: Microscopes, balance, basic lab glass
items, fume hood, centrifuge, refrigerators, pumps, pH meter. Scientific services
possible: Biological, chemical and electronic laboratories.
Long-term monitoring/observations: Geodesy, glaciology, hydrology, meteorology


Area of medical facility (m2) 10
Staff with basic medical training or doctor (Summer) 1
Capability: Equipment: Aeromedical equipment, Anaesthesia, Biochemistry,
Haematology, Mountain medicine related equipment
Distance to hospital (km) 990
Closest emergency facility in Antarctica (km) 100
Closest emergency facility external (km) 100
Medical screening requirements Yes


Sea transportation: Four Zodiac rubber boats
Land transportation: Three telehandlers, one tracked utility machine, two quad bikes, five snowmobiles


ICTS, Mechanical, Metal workshop, Wood workshop


E-mail, Printer, Satellite phone, Scanner, Telephone, VHF
Vsat with 256 kb/s(CIR),512 kb/s(MIR) of bandwidth


Access Sea
Transport to facility: Helicopter, Ship
Number of flight visits per year 1
Period of flight visits per year: January, February
Number of ship visits per year 4
Period of ship visits per year: January, February, November, December